AROER


AROER
AROER (Heb. עֲרוֹעֵר, עֲרׁעֵר), (1) city on the northern bank of the Arnon River belonging to the domain of Sihon the Amorite king (Josh. 12:2), from whom Moses and the Israelites conquered it before they entered Canaan. It was then allotted to either the tribe of Reuben (Deut. 2:36; 3:12; 4:48; Josh. 12:2; Judg. 11:26) or to Gad (Num. 32:34; Josh. 13:9). Jephthah in his message to the Amorite king speaks of Israel as having "dwelt… in Aroer and its towns… 300 years" (Judg. 11:26) and he proceeded to defeat the Amorite cities from Aroer northward (ibid. 11:33). One of David's "mighty men," the Aroerite (I Chron. 11:44), may have come from this city (or perhaps from No. 3 below). Aroer was the southernmost city in Israel's territory east of the Jordan and the starting point of David's census (II Sam. 24:5). According to the inscription of Mesha, king of Moab, he fortified the city and also constructed the Arnon fort dominated by Aroer. It was captured by Hazael during the reign of Jehu (842–815 B.C.E.; see II Kings 10:33) and annexed by Tiglath-Pileser III in his campaign against Aram and Israel in 733 B.C.E. At about the same time, Isaiah (17:2) mentioned Aroer as belonging to Damascus, but the reading is doubtful (cf. Septuagint) and another place may be meant. Aroer is the present-day Khirbet Arair where excavations have uncovered a strong Iron Age fortress. (2) An unidentified city opposite the Ammonite capital of Rabbah (Josh. 13:25; Judg. 11:33). (3) Aroer was also the name of a city in the Negev, included among those to which David distributed the booty taken from Amalek (I Sam. 30:28). It is probably included in the southern district of Judah referred to in the corrupted form "Adadah" (Josh. 15:22). It is identified with Khirbet Arara, 12½ mi. (20 km.) southeast of Beersheba, a prominent tell with Iron Age remains, overlooking an important well.   -BIBLIOGRAPHY: (1) Abel, Geog, 2 (1938), 250; Glueck, in: AASOR, 14 (1934), 49 ff.; Aharoni, Land, index; Olávarri, in: RB, 72 (1965), 77–94. (3) Abel, Geog, 2 (1938), 250; N. Glueck, Rivers in the Desert (1959), 184 ff. (Michael Avi-Yonah)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Aroer — ( he. ערוער) is a town on the north bank of the River Arnon to the east of the Dead Sea, in present day Jordan.The town was an ancient Moabite settlement, and is mentioned in the Bible. Aroer, which is on the edge of the valley of Arnon (Deut. ii …   Wikipedia

  • Aroer — (a. Geogr.), 1) Stadt des Stammes Gad im O. des Jordan; beim j. Ayra (Array el Emir); 2) Stadt des Stammes Ruben am Arnon, während des Exils den Moabitern gehörig; j. Araayr …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • AROER — Latin. myrica, sive suscitatio vigiliae aut vigilia vigiliae, vel denudatio pellis, aut denndatio aemuli; urbs Moabitarum sita super ripam torrentis Arnon, exstructa a filiis Gad Ios. c. 12. v. 2. Alia est in agro Damasceno Esai. c. 17. v. 1 …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Aroer —    Ruins.    1) A town on the north bank of the Arnon (Deut. 4:48; Judg. 11:26; 2 Kings 10:33), the southern boundary of the kingdom of Sihon (Josh. 12:2). It is now called Arair, 13 miles west of the Dead Sea.    2) One of the towns built by the …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

  • Biblical archaeology — Part of a series on The Bible …   Wikipedia

  • MOAB — (Heb. מוֹאָב), a land E. of the Jordan and the Dead Sea, one of Israel s neighbors in biblical times. The highland of Moab extends southward to the Zered River (Wādī al Ḥasāʾ), eastward to the desert, and westward to the Dead Sea. Its northern… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Joshua 13 — 1 Now Joshua was old and stricken in years; and the LORD said unto him, Thou art old and stricken in years, and there remaineth yet very much land to be possessed. 2 This is the land that yet remaineth: all the borders of the Philistines, and all …   The King James version of the Bible

  • Adullam — Die Liste geographischer und ethnografischer Bezeichnungen in der Bibel kann alle Namen von Orten, Bergen, Flüssen, Seen, Meeren, Inseln, Heiligtümern, Ländern, Völkern umfassen, die in der Bibel (Hebräische Bibel bzw. Altes Testament und Neues… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Liste biblischer Orte — Die Liste geographischer und ethnografischer Bezeichnungen in der Bibel kann alle Namen von Orten, Bergen, Flüssen, Seen, Meeren, Inseln, Heiligtümern, Ländern, Völkern umfassen, die in der Bibel (Hebräische Bibel bzw. Altes Testament und Neues… …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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